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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (January 2011)



Published: February 11, 2011


An Overview
With no let up in violence Pakistan’s security landscape was once again marred by a combination of Taliban militancy, Baloch nationalist insurgency, incidnets of sectarian and ethno political violence. Notwithstanding the stepped up counter-militancy offensive of the security forces in Orakzai and Mohmand agencies, the activities of Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)—a conglomerate of anti-sate militant outfits in FATA—grew manifold in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). By carrying out multiple coordinated attacks in major urban centers of KPK, throughout the month, the resurgent TTP made its presence felt. Balochistan’s security situation showed no signs of improvement as Baloch insurgents continued their attacks against government installations, personnel of law enforcement agencies, government functionaries and NGO workers. Moreover the recovery of dead bodies of Baloch youth from isolated places continued unabated, which further added to insecurity in the province. Karachi remained in the grip of politically motivated target killings and sectarian violence as political stakeholders of the city mulled over various options from de-weaponization (MQM proposal) to a full scale military operations (ANP proposal) and targeted surgical operation in specific areas by Rangers (PPP proposal) to restore peace in the port city. Meanwhile the situation in Punjab was peaceful with only two incidents of sectarian violence reported in Chakwal and Lahore. Gilgit Baltistan also reverberated with sectarian violence this reporting month. However security situation in Islamabad, Azad Kashmir and interior Sindh remained peaceful.        

A total of 208 attacks—including 6 suicide attacks-- were reported across Pakistan claiming lives of 190 people and causing 317 injuries. Balochistan was the most volatile area of the country where 76 insurgent and terrorist attacks claimed lives of 42 people and wounded 45 others. FATA was the second worst hit area where 62 terrorist attacks left 36 people dead and 43 others injured; whereas with 55 terrorist attacks, that killed 93 people and wounded 139 others, KPK was the third most affected area. Similarly Gilgit Baltistan suffered10 attacks that left one person dead and 10 others injured. (See Chart 1)

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in January 2011

If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 538 killed and 556 injured. In 13 incidents of inter-tribal clashes 18 people were killed and 55 others were wounded; while 26 incidents of ethno-political violence claimed 36 lives and caused 24 injuries. This month 10 US drone strikes left as many as 52 suspected militants killed and at least 16 others injured; while three border clashes were also recorded along Pak-India and Pak-Afghan border that killed five people and injured 11 others. (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

208

190

317

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

26

114

48

Operational attacks by security forces

15

123

85

Drone attacks

10

52

16

Border clashes

3

5

11

Political and ethnic violence

26

36

24

Inter-tribal clashes

13

18

55

Total

301

538

556

Comparing this month’s security features with that of last three months’ security landscape a somewhat mixed trend is observable. The overall number of attacks has sharply increased while the casualty figure has slightly declined. The increase in overall incidents of violence is due to higher number of nationalist insurgent attacks as well as militant attacks coupled with increase in incidents of ethno political violence. The slight decrease in casualty figure is also related to comparatively less number of civilians killed in terrorist attacks. Last month suicide attacks consumed a large number of civilian lives compared to this month. (See Chart 3)

Chart 3: Comparison with Last Three Months’ Figure

The maximum number of casualties is of the militants who have been killed or injured in their clashes with the security forces, operational attacks and U.S. drone strikes. Civilians suffered second highest number of casualties with 205 life losses and 305 injuries mainly in terrorist attacks, incidents of ethno-political violence, nationalist insurgent attacks and sectarian related killings. In terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants the security forces lost 62 personnel among them–12 FC, 36 police, 8 army and 6 Levies force personnel; while 107 others --including 25 FC, 61 police, 14 army, 5 Levies and 2 paramilitary force personnel--were wounded. (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties January 2011


Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties January 2011
Type

Killed

Injured

Militants

271

144

Civilian

205

305

Police

36

61

Army

8

14

FC

12

25

Paramilitary

-

2

Lvs

6

5

Rng

-

-

Total

538

556

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used tactic was of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) with 47 reported incidents; while second most commonly used method was of rocket attacks with 27 reported incidents. Similarly target killings were the third most frequently used tactic with 26 recorded incidents. Meanwhile 24 incidents of firing or shooting and 22 incidents of landmine blasts were also reported. (See Table 5)

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

6

RA

27

BH

1

RCB

17

KID

8

LM

22

FR

24

SAB

17

TK

26

BT

1

HG

12

IED

47

Total

208

 

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