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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (March 2011)



Published: April 12, 2011


An Overview
Pakistan’s security landscape was marred with –less intensive—but growing trend of urban terrorism, sectarian and ethno-political violence throughout the month. Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)—a network of anti-state tribal militant outfits—repeatedly hit major urban centers of the country with easy access and accuracy. The murder of Federal Minister for Minorities Shahbaz Bhatti in Islamabad, suicide attacks on chief of Jameeat-e-Ulama-e-Islam Fazal Group (JUI-F) Maulana Fazlur Rehman in Swabi and Charsadda districts, office of Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) in Faisalabad, a funeral prayer in Peshawar and on a patrolling van of Quick Response force in Hangu depict the resurgence of TTP. Militants also intensified their attacks on security forces, volunteers of peace committees, government installations and infrastructure in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Moreover, the ceasefire reached out between sunni and shia tribes of Kurram agency seemed to be in jeopardy as area was once again in the grip of violent activities.

At external front the situation was also tense as Afghan President Hamid Karzai blamed Pakistan for cross border militant movement. Moreover the March 17 US drone strike, on a jirga of tribal elders in North Waziristan, also led to some tensions between US and Pakistan. Meanwhile in its first-eververdict against arrested militants of Malakand Division, an anti-terror court (ATC) in Swat handed down 120 years prison term to a local militant commander on charges of publically slaughtering a policeman. With 191 reported attacks that claimed lives of 292 people and injured 633 others, the overall security situation was volatile.

Militancy stricken FATA was the most volatile area of the country where 69 attacks killed 66 people and injured 70 others; whereas with 57 reported insurgent/terrorist attacks insurgency hit Balochistan was the second most affected area of the country where 73 people were killed and 107 others were injured. In KPK—third worst hit area of the country—54 attacks were witnessed that claimed 122 lives and injured 319 others. Meanwhile in Karachi six attacks left 5 people dead and wounded one another. Similarly four attacks in Punjab claimed lives of 25 people and injured 136 others. Situation in interior Sindh, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir was more or less peaceful. (See Chart 1) 

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in March 2011

If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 610 killed and 745 injured. In 30 incidents of ethno-political violence 61 people were killed and 32 others were wounded. Whereas fourteen border attacks and clashes —including drone strikes—killed 94 people and injured 19 others. (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

191

292

633

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

26

109

30

Operational attacks by security forces

11

54

30

Drone attacks

10

89

17

Border clashes

4

5

2

Political and ethnic violence

30

61

32

Inter-tribal clashes

1

-

1

Total

273

610

745

Comparing last three months’ security landscape with this month’s security features, a sharp upward trend is unfolding. The overall number and incidents of violence have increased; due to a surge in terrorist attacks especially in KPK, FATA and Balochistan, a relative increase in clashes between the security forces and militants as well as incidents of ethno-political violence. The sharp ascend in casualty figure can be attributed to a large number of militants killed in security forces’ operational attacks and civilian casualties in terrorist attacks, especially in suicide attacks. (See Chart 3) 

Chart 3: Comparison with Three Months’ Figure


The maximum number of casualties is of the civilians with 352 life losses and 597 injuries mainly in terrorist attacks. The second highest number of casualties is of the militants who have been killed in security forces’ operational attacks, their clashes with the security forces as well as drones strikes. The militants suffered 205 death casualties and 55 injuries. In the terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants the security forces lost 53 personnel; among them 20 FC, 18 police, 6 paramilitary, 40 army and two Levies force personnel and injured 93 others—among them 36 FC, 41 police, nine army, five paramilitary and two Levies force personnel. (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties March 2011



Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties March 2011
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

20

36

Militants

205

55

Civilians

352

597

Police

18

41

Paramilitary

12

5

Army

-

9

Lvs

3

2

Rng

-

-

Total

610

745

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used tactic was of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) with 43 reported incidents; while firing or direct shoot out was the second most commonly used tactic with 34 reported incidents. Similarly24 incidents of rocket attacks, 18 targeted killings and 17 kidnapping incidents were also reported. (See Table 5) 
Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists

Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

6

RA

24

BH

1

RCB

13

KID

17

LM

11

FR

34

SAB

12

TK

18

BT

2

HG

10

IED

43

Total

191

 

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