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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (July 2011)



Published: August 08, 2011


An Overview
During the reporting month violence increased manifold in the country owing to deteriorating security situation. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) attacks on security check posts and patrolling convoys coupled with assassinations of pro-government tribal elders underscored the security situation in these two areas. Whereas attack on government installations and educational institutes decreased comparatively. Pakistan army completed its military operation Tri Star launched in Janata valley of South Waziristan Agency on July 13, with the objective of flushing out the terrorists from the area. Meanwhile ongoing military offensives Barekhna (lightening) in Bezai sub-division of Mohmand and Spain Gher in central Kurram Agency continued. A considerable decrease was witnessed in US drone strikes. Cross-border militant raids also continued from Afghanistan into border area of Pakistan, albeit less intensively.

Politically motivated targeted killings and sectarian violence punctuated the security landscape of Karachi and Balochistan where a large number of civilians lost their lives. Meanwhile in Punjab no major incident of terrorism was reported with the exception of four low intensity terrorist attacks. With no let up in violence a total of 167 terrorist attacks—including two suicide attacks—were reported which claimed lives of 171 people and injured 305 others. FATA was the most volatile are of the country where 74 reported attacks left 54 people dead and 141 others injured. Meanwhile with 50 attacks, which killed 76 people and injured 70 others, Balochistan was the second most volatile area of the country. In KPK as many as 32 attacks left 27 people dead and 68 others wounded. Similarly six attacks in Karachi claimed lives of 13 people and injured 17 others.   (See Chart 1) 

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in July 2011

If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 781 killed and 701 injured. In 30 incidents of ethno-political violence 190 people were killed and 193 others were wounded. Whereas 17 border attacks and clashes —including five drone strikes—killed 65 people and injured 44 others. Moreover, 15 inter-tribal clashes reported in different areas of KPK, FATA and Balochistan claimed lives of 62 people and injured 49 others.  (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

167

171

305

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

39

179

97

Operational attacks by security forces

16

114

13

Drone attacks

5

58

22

Border clashes

12

7

22

Political and ethnic violence

30

190

193

Inter-tribal clashes

15

62

49

Total

284

781

701

Comparing last five months’ security landscape with July’s security features reveals a sharp upward trend. The overall number of attacks and incidents of violence have increased from 237 to 284 due to sharp increase in incidents if ethno political violence and militant assaults on security forces. Similarly the number of casualties has also increased owing to higher number of civilians killed in ethno-political violence. This month as many as 190 civilians were killed and 193 others were wounded in political violence compared to killings and injures of previous month when 25 people were killed and 56 were injured. (See Chart 3) 

Chart 3: Comparison with Five Months’ Figure

The maximum number of casualties is of militants who have been killed in security forces’ operational attacks and clashes of the militants with the security forces as well as US-led predator drone strikes. The militants suffered 383 death casualties and 114 injuries. Meanwhile second highest number of casualties is of civilians with 352 life losses and 449 injuries, with a majority of them being killed in terrorist attacks and incidents of ethno political violence. In terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants security forces lost 36 troops; among them 29 FC and seven army personnel and injured 138 others—including 93 FC, 21 police, 20 army and four paramilitary force personnel. (See Table 4, 4a)  

Table 4: Detail of Casualties July 2011


Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties July 2011
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

29

93

Militants

383

114

Civilian

352

449

Police

10

21

Paramilitary

-

4

Army

7

20

Lvs

-

-

Rng

-

-

Total

781

701

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used tactic was of firing or shooting with 53 reported incidents. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were the second most commonly used tactic with 47 reported incidents. Meanwhile rocket attacks were the third most commonly used tactic with 19 reported incidents. Similarly 10 incidents of target killing were also reported. (See Table 5) 

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

2

RA

19

BH

2

RCB

9

KID

5

LM

8

FR

53

SAB

3

TK

10

BT

4

HG

5

IED

47

Total

167

 

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